Thursday, April 7

Simple Present Tense

subject
+
auxiliary verb
+
main verb


do

base


There are three important exceptions:
1.    For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary.
2.   For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary.
3.    For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.


subject
auxiliary verb

main verb

+
I, you, we, they

like
coffee.
He, she, it

likes
coffee.
-
I, you, we, they
do
not
like
coffee.
He, she, it
does
not
like
coffee.
?
Do
I, you, we, they

like
coffee?
Does
he, she, it

like
coffee?


We use the simple present tense when:
  • the action is general
  • the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future
  • the action is not only happening now
  • the statement is always true

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