Tuesday, March 29

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE...

Today I was learned about how to change the sentence into active or passive. As usual Miss Zu will do activity in class to make it more interesting, we were playing voice race game which is we have to solve the sentence by change it into passive or active voice. The first group who complete all the exercise will be the winner but both group are finished at the same time. After that, Miss Zu was checked our answers and the other group get one mark more than my group. At the same time, she explain the mistake that we did and how to make it correct. For me, active voice is more easier than the passive voice because we always use active voice in our daily life. A passive voice, we have to put the subject at in front of the sentence and it is usually use by the reporter to write their news.

These are some example:

Active - The teacher gave an assignment.
Passive - An assignment was given by the teacher

Active - The storm destroyed all the home
Passive - All the homes were destroyed by the storm

Active - The dog was given bath and the cat was rescued from the tree
Passive - Someone gave the dog bath and rescued cat from the tree
* note : If there not has subject, use someone as a subject

Sunday, March 27

SPEAKING TEST

Today I just finished doing the speaking test. Thank God all have been done smoothly because I only practice before the real test begin. During the practice, we were use the suitable expression that given by miss zu to get more mark for the test. Topic that we get is about enterpreneurship skill among students. It is quite difficult but i have been learning basics of business so it can help me to give an idea. My member group also do it well without have a problem to gives arguments and we feel relief when it finish.

Thursday, March 24

The poem Jabberwocky by Lewis Carroll

 'Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe.

"Beware the Jabberwock, my son!
The jaws that bite, the claws that catch!
Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun
The frumious Bandersnatch!"

He took his vorpal sword in hand:
Long time the manxome foe he sought --
So rested he by the Tumtum tree.
And stood awhile in thought.

And as in uffish thought he stood,
The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame,
Came wiffling through the tulgey wood,
And burbled as it came!

One, two! One, two! And through and through
The vorpal blade went snicker-snack!
He left it dead, and with its head
He went galumphing back.

"And hast thou slain the Jabberwock?
Come to my arms, my beamish boy!
frabjous day! Callooh! Callay!"
He chortled in his joy.

'Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe. 


What do you understand when read this poem??
Give your comment..XD
  

AN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

Before Writing...

©       Brainstorm ideas on the subject.
©       Identify the main topics.
©       Use these topics as headings for organising your notes.
©       Decide which side you are on i.e. which arguments are most convincing. Make sure you choose the side that you can fully support.
©       Plan and write an outline for your essay noting down the information you will include in each paragraph.


Introductory Paragraph

Your introduction should:
©       Introduce the topic with a general statement
©       State why it is important
©       State there is a difference of opinion about this topic
©       Thesis statement must state what YOUR claim is and can include the  “parts” of the argument you are going to state.


Body Paragraphs

©       Arguments for:  The reasons “parts” of your thesis statement will be in your body paragraphs.
©       Give clear arguments for your claim with support (examples, statistics, explanations, etc.)
©       Use transition words as you move from paragraph to paragraph (Firstly, secondly, furthermore, in addition, moreover, finally).
©       You can also use any of the transitions from the other essay types 
     as long as they are appropriate for your argument. (You may want to compare/contrast things, give reasons/results, descriptions,definitions etc.)




Refutation Paragraph
©       This is also used to support your claim.
©       Use the counter arguments to show that your idea is the stronger one.
©       Do not focus only on the opposing ideas.









Thursday, March 10

INFORMATION TRANSFER





FORMULA

TITLE
1) OV
CI 2,3,4) KFs
5) P(i) + P(ii)

  Firstly, extract the TITLE from the question and underline it.
  The OverView (OV) - What does the stimuli present? Answer: a bar graph, diagram, pie chart, pictograph, newspaper headline or article, some notes etc.
  Identify Key Features (KFs)
*        The MOST OUTSTANDING ideas from the stimuli
*        Controlling Idea (CI) - What is the general trend of all the stimuli combined? Answer: Increasing, Decreasing, Consistent or Fluctuating (NOTE: These are the FOUR main trends)
*        You ARE NOT just LISTING ALL FEATURES and information from the stimuli but you have to choose the MOST IMPORTANT AND OUTSTANDING details, you must be SELECTIVE of which details to include.
*        Extrenal ASSUMPTION may be used if there is no correlation between the pie, graph and the table.
*        You can begin each paragraph with phrases like:
i) According to the...
ii) Based on the...
iii) With reference to...
  For the closing, it consists of minimum two sentences:
*        Prediction (Pi) - What future trend can you predict? Answer: If x happens, then y will continue to increase, decrease, stabilise or fluctuate
*        Proposal (Pii) - What recommendation can you propose? Answer: The government/company/United Nations can...
*P(ii) is not compulsory but it will differentiate the higher bands from the lower ones 

Thursday, March 3

INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH ~





The purpose of the introductory paragraph

©                      Get the reader’s attention
©                      Set tone for the rest of the essay
©                      Make a contract with the reader

The Parts of the Introductory Paragraph
·        The Hook - Designed to grab attention immediately and give some indication   
         about the essay’s topic
·         The Transition - Moves the reader from the hook to the driving force of the 
          essay….
·         The Thesis - Makes the contract with the reader about what will be discussed 
          without a blatant announcement.

Types of Hook
         1. Personal examples
         2. Quotations
         3. Facts or statistics
         4. Rhetorical questions
         5. Current events
         6. Contrast to the thesis statement
         7. Definition

These are example for all type introductory paraghaph from our class

Personal example:
    
Almost every night, she would go “clubbing“at the nightspots in Jalan Bukit Bintang and Sultan Ismail, Kuala Lumpur's golden triangle, looking for fun and "extra cash". With her black skin-tight miniskirts with a revealing top, she easily draws attention from the males as soon as she walks into any of these nightspots. The 21 years-old girl, Amy comes from a state in the east coast of West Malaysia. She started as a sales promoter at a shopping centre in the city, but her monthly salary of RM800 is hardly enough for her to survive in KL. To make matters worse, she has to send home approximately RM200 a month for her parents and 5 siblings who are still schooling. It is hard for her since the burden of the family is at her hand. Her family is depending on her. Amy now lives in a dark situation where she is happy outside not in inside. There are factors that can cause someone to become a prostitute such as lack of attention from the parents, money problem and negative peers influence.


CONTRAST TO THE THESIS STATEMENT

Have you heard that being skinny is the ‘it’ thing. Across the globe, teenagers are starving themselves to be skinny. The models force themselves to be skinny and look great. They will do anything such as taking pills and drugs so that they will not gain any weight. Why is this so? Well look around you, the media feeds us constant image of skinny public figure, portraying the fact that being skinny is beautiful. To be fat is a sin. But is it worth to taking pills and drugs in order to maintain your beautiful figure. Is this an appropriate diet technique?  Absolutely not. As a matter of fact, the major impact of engaging in extreme diet is nutrition deficiency, diseases and mental problems.


Current Event

Baby dumping

According to New Straits Times, the latest case was a dead baby girl found floating in a sewage tank behind a girls' college hostel in remote Kelantan two days ago. The decomposed body was found by a group of boys playing nearby. Two more abandoned baby cases were reported that day in Malacca and Kuala Lumpur. This situation can be caused by many factors which surround us. Thus, baby dumping is caused by negative social relationship, peer pressure, modern technology and lack of knowledge in individual self.

DEFINITION

Streptococcus pneumonia, or pneumococcal is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in adults, children, and dogs, and is one of the top two isolates found in ear infection. It is more common in the very young and the very old person. It can also be distinguished based on its sensitivity to lysis by bile. The bacterium Streptococcus pneumonia is a common cause of secondary pneumonia following influenza. The risk of death from pneumonia or influenza is higher for people with heart disease, diabetes, or weakened immune systems such as from HIV. Nowadays, this infection was spread up towards the world. According to this infection, it can cause distress as they need more money for the treatment, being embarrassment to the other person and reducing their self-esteem.

RED - The hook
GREEN – The transition
PURPLE – Thesis statement


Facts & Statistics

Prior to the 1980’s, predatory animals were rare sights in rural areas in Malaysia. Even in wilderness areas, bears, tigers, and other predatory animals were rarely being spotted.  As far as this concern, people that were attacks with these kinds of animals are not always the friendly animals.  Between 1989 and 1995 there have been 14 tigers attack peoples.  In one attack, a rubber tapper was killed in his rubber farm near Negeri Sembilan.  Attacks by bears and alligators are also increasing during this period of year. This statistics shows that there is an increasing of wild animal attacks. The reasons why these animal attacks peoples are because there are hungry, feel threatened and try to protect their young.

QUOTATIONS

“Vandalism comes naturally from our soul.” These words come from a teenage boy and his friends who lax in drawing graffiti on the wall of a building. Teenage boys said that this work is a piece of art where they often did this to express their feelings or thoughts about certain things in our life. Furthermore, he said that they also draw the graffiti whenever they feel like doing it. This type of vandalism also does not only involve teenagers but also adults. However, these teens do not know that they have vandalized the image of the building as well as the environment. Vandalism can be prevented if the government creates a law that severely restricts vandals in destroying the environment, giving motivational talk as well as giving punishment by doing community service.


RHETORICAL QUESTION

  Racism is one of the world’s major issues today. Do you aware of how much racism still exists in our school, work forces, and anywhere social lives? Racism very much exists and it is about time that people need to start thinking about the solutions to this matter. Can we achieve One Malaysia’s mission with this kind of mind set? Think about it.Many people believe that it depends on if a person was brought into the world as a racist or not but that is not the case at all. In fact, an individual cannot be born a racist but only learn to become one asthey grow from child to adulthood. Basic causes, mainstream, institutions, government, anti racism group, and even some hidden event in Malaysia’s past or a few of the possible solutions to racism.